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 Brown Pelican CREDIT: PATRICIO ROBLES GIL Canada Geese CREDIT: THOMAS D. MANGELSEN Mallard CREDIT: PATRICIO ROBLES GIL Resplendent Quetzal CREDIT: FULVIO ECCARDI   
Western Sandpipers, Bécasseau d'Alaska, Playeros occidentales  (plural: Bécasseaux d'Alaska)  CREDIT: PATRICIO ROBLES GIL American Redstart, Paruline flamboyante, Chipe flameante  CREDIT: MICHAEL STUBBLEFIELD Magnificent Frigatebird	Frégate superbe, Fragata magnífica,   CREDIT: PATRICIO ROBLES GIL Sandhill Cranes, Grue du Canada, Grullas grises (plural: Grues du Canada)  CREDIT: ARTHUR MORRIS Osprey, Balbuzard pêcheur, Gavilán pescador  CREDIT: PATRICIO ROBLES GIL

Species Joint Ventures

Species joint ventures established under the North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP)focus on knowledge acquisition that supports management actions. Black Duck and Arctic Goose Joint Ventures were specified in the original Plan to address concerns about the status of populations, to rectify the lack of data to specify the nature of the problem, or to design management solutions. Interest in forming a Sea Duck Joint Venture began in 1998 for much the same reasons. Species joint ventures comprise agencies capable of contributing effort, talent, and financial resources toward coordinated scientific activity. Research results are fed into the planning of habitat joint ventures. Additional species joint ventures can be considered under NAWMP wherever a significant science need is identified, together with a proposed coalition of partners.